A complete guide to drawing evil vector skulls in Illustrator

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Skull drawing is a quite simple task at a glance, but once you start sketching, it probably looks different from your reference (you are using a reference, right?). Then it starts to go out of proportions, looks deformed and has no expression whatsoever. But this is OK, it is a part of the learning process – please do not let this get to you! I, myself have gone through this and every other artist has, as well.

This tutorial will show you how to draw evil skulls easily, as well as learn a bit of anatomy along the way. So let’s draw some really evil and nasty skulls – the right way!

References

First, we need to learn the anatomy of the skull and for that, we need a few references, which I am sure you can find on Google images  - link

Sketching

We start with simple geometrical shapes, just to block in the contour. Use only short, straight lines, do not draw curves yet. A sketch is supposed to be rough, you can adjust it easily to correct any mistakes. In short terms, keep your roughs rough and your cleans clean.
Unlike regular human skulls, you can add expressions and alter its overall shape to become more aggressive.

sketch 1 pixel 77 complete guide to draw skulls illustrator A complete guide to drawing evil vector skulls in Illustrator

sketch 2 pixel 77 complete guide to draw skulls illustrator A complete guide to drawing evil vector skulls in Illustrator

sketch 3 pixel 77 complete guide to draw skulls illustrator A complete guide to drawing evil vector skulls in Illustrator

Now that we have a pretty good idea of how to draw one, let’s draw one in a perspective view.

sketch 4 pixel 77 complete guide to draw skulls illustrator A complete guide to drawing evil vector skulls in Illustrator

sketch 5 pixel 77 complete guide to draw skulls illustrator A complete guide to drawing evil vector skulls in Illustrator

Simple shading

Now that we have knowledge of the outline, let’s make it pop out from the paper! In the sketch below, I’ve marked the 3D shape with a grid. Grab your pencil and paper and mark it on your sketch as well.

sketch grid pixel 77 complete guide to draw skulls illustrator A complete guide to drawing evil vector skulls in Illustrator

I’m asking you to do this because you have a good photographic memory (you’re an artist, right?) and drawing it yourself will turn the image you see on the screen into an elaborate process customized only for you. It becomes a dialogue between you and the paper and makes it easier to understand and memorize.

sketch shaded pixel 77 complete guide to draw skulls illustrator A complete guide to drawing evil vector skulls in Illustrator

Outline

Now that we have a complete understanding of the shape, we can start adding polished details. Let’s start with the outline and the strong lines that define it. For that, we will use two pressure-sensitive brushes.

brush 1 pixel 77 complete guide to draw skulls illustrator A complete guide to drawing evil vector skulls in Illustrator

brush 2 pixel 77 complete guide to draw skulls illustrator A complete guide to drawing evil vector skulls in Illustrator

For the contour, we’ll use the thicker brush and for the inner details, a thinner brush. A strong outline makes it stand out and it does not confuse the viewer, so outlining like this is a must.

outline 1 pixel 77 complete guide to draw skulls illustrator A complete guide to drawing evil vector skulls in Illustrator

outline 2 pixel 77 complete guide to draw skulls illustrator A complete guide to drawing evil vector skulls in Illustrator

Here’s a little trick to use for the outline: in the areas where you have a shadow, make the outline a bit stronger than the rest. Not only you can dispose of the shadow, but it will add more volume to the overall design.

extra shadows pixel 77 complete guide to draw skulls illustrator A complete guide to drawing evil vector skulls in Illustrator

Details

Grab the second brush we created and lets start drawing, shall we? This is a very tricky part, we only want the outline to suggest the shape and not draw the entire contour. Keep in mind that the brain can make you see a defined shape even if there are just a few lines. In the image below, I’ve drawn a skull and you can tell it’s a skull at first glance, even if it doesn’t have  a high level of detail.

skull example pixel 77 complete guide to draw skulls illustrator A complete guide to drawing evil vector skulls in Illustrator

So let’s apply this principle to our drawing.

Shading

This part is similar to the simple shading, but this time you have to pay attention to the line spacing and length. Start drawing the basic shadows, then just fill the white gaps with random, short strokes. That’s about it. One important aspect: Keep in mind the position of the light source. If you draw this for a garment print, the light source is not important and you must sacrifice everything to the visual impact. A t-shirt will look cool if you manipulate the line spacing and thickness, not shading and lighting.

1 pixel 77 complete guide to draw skulls illustrator A complete guide to drawing evil vector skulls in Illustrator

2 pixel 77 complete guide to draw skulls illustrator A complete guide to drawing evil vector skulls in Illustrator

3 pixel 77 complete guide to draw skulls illustrator A complete guide to drawing evil vector skulls in Illustrator

4 pixel 77 complete guide to draw skulls illustrator A complete guide to drawing evil vector skulls in Illustrator

5 pixel 77 complete guide to draw skulls illustrator A complete guide to drawing evil vector skulls in Illustrator

6 pixel 77 complete guide to draw skulls illustrator A complete guide to drawing evil vector skulls in Illustrator

Extra details

The bone structure is not very smooth, especially if you draw something old and decayed. This enables you to add shaky lines, just to add a wee bit of texture, holes, cracks or tiny dents. It’s these details that make a huge difference, I recommend you do this for everything you draw from this point on. It is a personal touch and shows how much effort you’ve put into it.

7 pixel 77 complete guide to draw skulls illustrator A complete guide to drawing evil vector skulls in Illustrator

8 pixel 77 complete guide to draw skulls illustrator A complete guide to drawing evil vector skulls in Illustrator

Saving

Select the entire artwork and expand the strokes (Object > Expand Appearance…), then hit the “Merge” button in the Pathfinder window. Hit it one more time if you still have Stroke. This is a technical aspect you must do for a couple of reasons: when someone else wants to scale it, the strokes will not scale along unless you specifically set them and the source file will have a smaller size.

expand pixel 77 complete guide to draw skulls illustrator A complete guide to drawing evil vector skulls in Illustrator

merge 1 pixel 77 complete guide to draw skulls illustrator A complete guide to drawing evil vector skulls in Illustrator

merge 2 pixel 77 complete guide to draw skulls illustrator A complete guide to drawing evil vector skulls in Illustrator

Done!

final pixel 77 complete guide to draw skulls illustrator1 A complete guide to drawing evil vector skulls in Illustrator

Download source

zip A complete guide to drawing evil vector skulls in Illustrator  Drawing skulls guide (12.3 MiB, 1,045 hits)

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Comments

  1. says

    Awesome tutorial! Thanks Doink. I think I’ll give it a shot and produce a version with no hatch work and maybe more bold positive/negative contrast that could be used on a pumpkin carving for tonight!

    • says

      I used CS3. But it doesn’t make a huge difference, the techniques used can be used in an even earlier version.

  2. says

    Hi there,

    I love the awesome tutorial! I would very much like to create such art, but my drawing skills are lacking that department. Is it possible to learn how to draw like that??

    Thanks!!!

    Q

    • says

      there are a few youtube channels that explain quite well how to draw stuff. ProkoTV is one of them, check it out.

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